2. Mary Matilda Whalan
At Sydney, on the 1st instant, Mary Whalan, spouse of Mr. R. D. Cunynghame, ship builder, George-street, much and justly regretted.
Source: The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser 4 Aug 1835
Robert Dryborough Cunynghame
FUNERAL.—The Friends of the late Mr. Robert D. CUNYNGHAME, ship smith, of George-street North, are respectfully invited to attend his funeral, which will proceed from his late residence, Stanley-street, near the Grammar School to the Presbyterian ground, at 9 o'clock on FRIDAY MORNING. R. STEWART, undertaker, Pitt and Bathurst streets.
Source: The SMH 20 Mar 1862
MAN FROM OBERON. NEVER SEEN THE SEA. DISTRUST OF SYDNEY.
Mr. A. S. Cunynghame, who brought a draft of cattle from Oberon to Lithgow this week, has never seen Sydney or the sea, although he is 78 years old. Mr. Cunynghame says he has no desire to visit the city, but that he might have a look at the Harbour Bridge. "Sydney is only a town of high buildings where there are crowds wherever you go, and a place where people are ready to tread on your toes and take you down for your few hard-earned shillings," he said to-day. Mr. Cunynghame was born at Oberon, and has lived there all his life. His home was the first post-office at Oberon, which, in his early days, was known as "Bullock Flat." He often drove cattle to Bathurst in his young days.
Source: The SMH 26 Jun 1935
3. James Whalan
Manager of the Commercial Hotel
On Tuesday last, the 22d instant, at the Scots Church, Sydney, Mr. James Whalan, of Bathurst, to Miss Lydia Dargin, of Parramatta, both Native of the Colony.
Source: The Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertiser 26 Mar 1831
Stabbing.James Whalan was on Saturday brought before the bench, charged with having, on the previous afternoon, stabbed Mrs. Burns, as stated in Saturday's Herald. Dr. J. R. Duigan, stated, that he was called in to see the woman, who was bleeding profusely from three stab wounds-one on the base of the skull on the left side, the second a little lower on the neck, and the third, of between two and three inches in length, on the right breast ; she was too weak from the loss of blood to attend and give evidence ; independently of anything unforeseen which may take place, he thought she would in the course of a week be sufficiently recovered to be in attendance and prosecute. The prisoner was then remanded to gaol for one week.
Source: The SMH 9 Sep 1850
HOW THEY WERE FOUND. BUSHRANGERS DECLARED RESPONSIBLE.
At a recent gathering at Lithgow to unveil a portrait of the late Mr Charles Whalan, the original discoverer in 1838, of the Jenolan Caves, interesting speeches were made, (says the "Sun"), and papers were read by direct descendants.
Mr Alfred S. Whalan, son of the discoverer, related that while his father could claim to be the actual tinder of the first of these peerless gems of beauty, an escaped convict, named McEwan was indirectly responsible. McEwan, who had turned bushranger, was being pursued by an employe of Mr James Whalan, and had him tracked to the top of what is now Jenolan Mountain. On the following day he was captured by a mounted trooper and Mr James Whalan, and the latter concluded that there were caves beneath the limestone formation. He informed his brother Charles, and he found what, are flow the Grand Arch, Devil's coachhouse. and shortly after Nettle Cave and King's Tableland. Other caves were discovered in succession, until the beauty of the lot - the Imperial Caves was stumbled upon by accident a year or so after the original discovery. Then commenced the first visits to the caves, and tourists, including, among others, Lord Marshall, who on his return to England sent Mr Whalan, sen., two coils of magnesium wire, which the guides used to break off a yard at a time to light special places. Visitors had to rough it in those earlier days. All necessaries had to be taken out on a packhorse, and it is recorded that sometimes the whole party, ladies and all, had to hang on to the horses' tails.
Mrs Hughes, aged 75, a daughter of the late Mr James Whalan, in "Reminiscences of Jenolan," states "that in the caves every gentleman took charge of a lady and assisted her all the time. Many a matrimonial match, adds Mrs Hughes, was made in the caves in those good old days.
Source: Recorder ( Pt Pirie, SA) 28 Jan 1921
4. Charles Whalan
Methodist Preacher for more than forty years.
Isabella Creek - Mr. Charles-Whalan of the Fish River Creek , has favoured us with the following communication relative to the doings at Isabella. As my nephew has just arrived from the Isabella, I take this opportunity of giving you the news from that . quarter. The sucess has far exceeded our expectations. One piece has been got weighing 23 cts and on the very same day a very large quantity of smaller gold was obtained. There is a report on the ground that a piece of 3 lbs. has been turned up down the Creek. My nephew did not see it, but was informed of the circumstance by one who saw it. As much as an ounce to a dish of washing stuff & frequently got. Excuse this short account as the mail is about to close.
Source: The SMH 18 Oct 1856
O'CONNELL PLAINS. .
Fish River Creek.— Mr. Charles Whalan, of this place, has discontinued the working of his copper mine, the trial not having answered that gentleman's expectations.
Source: Bathurst Free Press 4 Jan 1850
On Thursday last, by the Rev. J. McGarvie, Mr. Charles Whalan, of Macquarie Park, Prospect, to Miss Eliza beth Harper, of Sydney.
Source: The Sydney Gazette and NSW Advertisewr 9 Jul 836
DISCOVERY OF JENOLAN CAVES.
Writing to the Editor, Mrs. S. M. Hughes claims that James Whalan, said to be the discoverer of the Jenolan Caves, never really entered the caves, though he saw the grand arch and reported to his brother Charles that caves probably existed there. The writer states that Charles Whalan, who was her father, was the first man to enter the caves, and that for many years he and his sons acted as honorary guides there. His name, she thinks, should have been mentioned when a memorial tablet was unveiled recently at Jenolan.
Source: The SMH 18 Mar 1929
THE LATE MR. CHAS. WHALAN.
Although for some years past the subject of this notice took but little part in public affairs, few men were more widely known in the district or more generally respected. Born in Sydney in 1811, he was amongst the oldest native residents of the colony. His early life was spent at Prospect, where he saw much of the convict population — his father having much to do with that class of men, and having several of them assigned to him as servants.
In 1838, with his wife and two young children, he crossed the Blue Mountains, and took up his residence at Fish River Creek, and was the pioneer of civilization in that part of the country. Here he resided for well-nigh half-a- century ; and was in reality, as an old resident remarked, ' a father to the neighbourhood.' His prominent characteristic was unselfishness; and there are few, if any, persons in the district where he lived who have not been placed under obligations to him. Many a new arrival was helped by him to make a start ; and not a few differences between neighbours were amicably settled by him. For about thirty years he discharged the duties of an honorary magistrate, having been appointed to that office during the Cowper Administration in 1857. He took a lively interest in all public questions, and was amongst the earliest advocates of the formation of a railroad to Bathurst, when that now happy accomplished fact was looked upon as an impossibility, and pooh-poohed as a Utopian dream. In 1838, his brother — the late Mr. James Whalan, who had, in company with the police, been searching for the then notorious bush ranger McEwan — reported to him having seen the mouth of a large cave as they passed along the top of the limestone mountains to the north-east of the Fish River. Ever feeling the liveliest interest in natural wonders or curiosities of any kind, Mr. Whalan at once made preparation to go in search of the caves. Having obtained careful directions from his brother, he started forth with two companions (both of whom deserted him before the object of his search was accomplished), and thus became the discoverer of the now far-famed Fish River, or Binda, or Jenolan Caves. On the occasion of his first visit he had but time to enter and partially explore the great arches. He soon went out again ; and whenever he could contrive to spare the time he prosecuted his searches, until he had penetrated many of those underground 'crystal palaces,' whose wondrous beauty has since won the highest admiration of all who have gazed upon them ; and nothing gave him greater pleasure than to conduct his friends to the halls of matchless love- liness which he had discovered. Visitors came from far and near, for the fame of the caves soon spread ; and many a party has he conducted to and through them. There were no hotels in the neighbourhood in those days, and visitors to the caves made his house their stopping-place going to and coming from them, always finding a hearty welcome and receiving every attention from Mrs. Whalan. Until his sons were old enough to undertake the work, Mr. Whalan was the only guide to the caves ; and either himself or some member of his family continued (of course gratuitously) to act in that capacity until the appointmont of a guide and care-taker by the Government. For many years he endeavoured to obtain the reserve and survey of a portion of land for a township, but met with much opposition from official and other quarters. However, he persevered, and eventually the town of Oberon was laid out and the first lots submitted for auction. In addition to his intensely active secular life, Mr. Whalan took the deepest interest in religious matters ; and whilst the friend of all Christians, he particularly devoted himself to the establishment and advancement of the denomination of his choice — the Methodist body. For over 40 yoars he laboured in various offices in connection with that body ; and often, in the absence of the ministers of religion, he has ministered to the dying, cheering their last moments, and pointing them ' to realms of love beyond the sky.' People of all denominations were accustomed to send for him ; and it mattered not whether the message came in the daytime or at the dead of night, he has always gone — no matter how far or at what personal inconvenience. Believing the country around his residence to be rich in minerals, he spent much time and capital in seeking to develop its resources. He had several likely looking copper lodes opened out and sunk to a considerable depth ; but meeting with no success, he turned his attention to gold mining and searching for precious stones, only, however, to meet with a like fortune ; and Mr. Whalan lost heavily. Old age was now coming upon him, and his losses and disappointments seem to have been too much for him ; his mind began to show evidences of giving way, and his mental powers continued in a clouded state to the end. On the 2nd February, 1885, he quietly passed away, being 73 years of age. His remains were interred with those of his father in St. John's Cemetery, Parramatta, and were followed to their last resting-place by many old and prominent residents of that historic borough, who had been his friends in the days of his boyhood and manhood. Besides an aged widow, he leaves four daughters and three sons, a large number of grand-children, and some great-grand-children, by whom his good name and consistent life are considered greater wealth than any material inheritance that could have been bequeathed them.
Source: Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal 15 Aug 1885
Convict descendants meet
SYDNEY, Sunday.— More than 400 descendants of Sergeant Charles Whalan and his younger brother James gathered for a family reunion at St James' Church of England, Whalan, near Mt Druitt, today.
Sergeant Whalan landed in Sydney in 1791 as a convict, sentenced for stealing a trout. He was soon granted his freedom and rose to a position as the sergeant-in command of Governor
Macquarie's escort. He became a friend of the Governor and had a land grant of several
hundred acres near Prospect when he completed his military term. Janies Whalan joined him as a free settler, and had a block near the Hawkesbury River.
A number of his descendants, including his great, great, great, great granddaughter, Mrs K. Benton, of Turramurra, decided on the family reunion 18 months ago, when the congregation of St James' Church, Turramurra, decided to give $30,000 for a church for the people of Whalan, one of the 12 new suburbs the Housing Commission of NSW is building near Mt Druitt. The Whalan family today gave a cash donation of more than $1,000 to help pay for a walled courtyard at the new church.
The family reunion coincided with the first anniversary service of the church. Bishop H. G. S. Begbie, of Parramatta, unveiled a plaque commemorating Sergeant Whalan as a pioneer. There are more than 1,000 known descendants of the Whalan brothers and many from various parts of the Commonwealth attended today's service.
Source: The Canberra Trimes 8 Sep 1969
UNIVERSALLY REGRETTED.--One of the foremost pioneers of Oberon, Charles Whalan, J. P., died a few weeks ago, at the advanced age of 75. Tho deceased gentleman was intimately associated with the district for upwards of 50 years, and was a most exemplary and worthy member of society. In the old ponai days, when tyranny, arbitrary power, and unbridled autocracy ruled supreme, the name of Charles Whalan stands prominently as a kind and humane master, and one whose untiring efforts were, being constantly directed towards the improvement of that unhappy class over whom he had had control.
Source: Australian Town and Country Journal 25 Apr 1885
The late Mrs. Charles Whalan.
By the death of the above named lady, which took place at the residence of her daughter, Mrs. W. Hughes, Harris Park, on the 24th April, one of the oldest residents of these western parts was removed, and another link connecting the present with the past broken. Mrs. Whalan (whose maiden name was Harper), was born in Glamorganshire South Wales, on the 20th October 1810, and consequently was in her 89th year at the time of her death. She left England on the 9th of July, 1834, in the ship ' David Scott,' and arrived in Sydney on the 24th of October of the same year. In 1836 she was married and went to reside at Prospect. About two years later Mr. and Mrs. Whalan crossed the Blue Mountains and took up their residence in the neighbourhood of what is now known as Oberon, but to which they then gave the Welsh name of Glyndwr. At that time no other white woman resided in that, party, and Mrs. Whalan's nearest neighbour was ten miles distant. For nearly 60 years she lived in this locality, where her hospitality and ready assistance to all who needed it endeared her to the inhabitants far and near, and few things gave her more pleasure than to have her house filled by the numerous parties which made it their stopping-place on their way to the caves. For many years after their discovery Mr. Whalan was the only guide to these now famous regions, and continued to act in that capacity until his sons were old enough to take his place ; these, in turn, performing the duty until the Government assumed control and appointed the present curator to the position of guide. There are many still living who will recall the old days when with blankets and billy-cans strapped to their saddles equestrians - aye, and fair equestriannes too - threaded their way through the almost impenetrable scrub which prevailed, everywhere between the Duckmaloi River and the caves; and such are not likely to have forgotten Mrs. Whalan's care and kindness as they made her house their home on their way to and from the caves. After the death of her husband, which took place in February, 1885, Mrs. Whalan went to reside with her daughter, Mrs. G. F. Pickering at Hawthorne, Oberon, with whom she lived until about three years ago, when, feeling the need of a warmer climate, she removed to Parramatta where she remained until the end came as stated above. Although afflicted for many years with deafness, she was naturally of a cheerful disposition, always pleased to see friends, and always keenly appreciative of a good joke. Until comparatively recently Mrs. Whalan kept up a somewhat wide correspondence and it was only when physical infirmity necesitated it that she reluctantly relinquished what had for so many years been to her a source of much enjoyment.
The funeral took place on Tuesday afternoon, 25th ult. After a short service had been conducted at the house by the Rev. J. . E. Carruthers, the procession moved to St. John's Cemetery, Parramatta, in which is the vault containing the remains of her husband and of his father, besides those of two other members of the family. Here the Ven. Archdeacon Gunther read the beautiful burial service of the Church of England, which was followed by an address by the Rev. J. E. Carruthers, Wesleyan Minister, Mrs. Whalan having been a member of the Wesleyan Church for more than half a century. Besides the clergymen named, there were also present, the Rev. R. F. Becher, B.A., and the Rev. T. J. Curtis (nephew). Many beautiful floral tributes testified to the esteem and affection in which the deceased lady was held. Besides those from the children and immediate relatives and neighbours, wreaths were sent by Mrs. Moulsdale (Bathurst), Mrs. Pickering (Lewisham), Hon. Sydney and Mrs. Smith (Parramatta) and others. Mrs. Whalan leaves seven children, besides a great many grandchildren and great grandchildren, to whom the heritage of her good name will remain a most precious legacy.
Source: Bathurst Free Press and Mining Journal 9 May 1899
Capt John Morris
17 years Captain of the Parramatta
THE friends of the late Captain John Morris are respectfully requested to attend his funeral, which will move from his late residence, George-street, Parramatta, at half-past 2 P.M., This Day, Monday, the 6th instant.
Source: The SMH 6 Jan 1851
7. Campbell Whalan
8. John McLean Whalan
John was named after Governor Macquarie's nephew, John Maclaine, a member of the 73rd who was killed in India in 1818.
SYDNEY, Friday Afternoon.
John Whalan, one of the very old residents of Lithgow, is dead. He was 80 years of age.
Source: Barrier Miner 12 Apr 190
49. Edmund Macquarie Whalan
OBITUARY MR. E. M. WHALAN
The death occurred in the District Hospital last night of Mr. Edmund Macquarie Whalan at the age of 66 years. The deceased gentleman, who was a grazier of Newton Boyd, had been in hospital about 10 days. The remains will be interred in the Methodist portion of the Glen Innes cemetery to-morrow morning at 10 o'clock. Messrs. H. A. Tutt and Son have charge of the funeral arrangements.
Source: Glen Innes 27 Jan 1931